1 whole litre of deliciousness! Bottom layer is banana, strawberry, raspberry smoothie; then some strawberry slices; then chia seeds soaked overnight in almond milk; then another smoothie made with blueberry, banana, & unpasteurized coconut water (from @organiclives); and finally pomegranate seeds! Bliss.
B12 can be produced by liver, but that is rarely efficient and sustainable. B12 from animal products is efficient, however. 92% of vegans are deficient in B12. When they test the cognitive abilities of vegans/vegetarians vs meat eaters the v/v's perform much worse. B12 is also what makes our brainz so big, and that might explain why you don't understand B12. Small brains, small thoughts.
Lingua Astricta Answer:
1. Vitamin B12 is the only known vitamin to be produced in nature exclusively by micro organisms— not by plants or animals. That’s correct. It ends up in animals and animal products because it’s digested.
2. It’s not only found inside animals digestive systems. However, if you look at the digestive system of cows, for example, they are not monogastric like us. Their stomachs have four parts and they rely on microbial fermentation to break down all that roughage they eat.
3. Our species does also have bacteria producing vitamin B12 in our digestive systems. If you ate no vitamin B12, you would still find it in your faeces. But it’s not absorbed where it needs to be, in your ileum, because it has go to through a process to get to the point where it can be used there. If we lived in nature, didn’t live quite as clean as we do now, and drank untreated drinking water, we would likely pick up the incredibly small amount of vitamin B12 that’s needed.
4. B12 from meat isn’t necessarily efficient. When you reach your 50’s, your doctor may advise you to supplement vitamin B12 because of changes in your body that make it more difficult to digest the vitamin out of animal products. If we lived long enough, eventually everyone would be vitamin B12 deficient. There are also other things that can complicate the digestion of B12.
5. Meat does not produce B12. It ends up in animal tissue only because the animals digest it. It mostly ends up in the liver, just as it does in our bodies. Some supplements even list dried liver as the source of their B12.
6. There are supplements of B12 made from the products of bacterial fermentation, without having to pass them through an animal to get it.
7. Believe it or not, with modern agriculture, you may be surprised to know that animals can be B12 deficient, and are fed cobalt in their dietary supplements or given vitamin B12. Don’t take my word for it. Take the word from the cattle industry.
None of that really matters though does it? Because I’m just a B12 deficient vegan with a small brain.
Have a nice day, oh wise one. :)
During the Obama administration, according to Pentagon data, police departments have received tens of thousands of machine guns; nearly 200,000 ammunition magazines; thousands of pieces of camouflage and night-vision equipment; and hundreds of silencers, armored cars and aircraft.
The equipment has been added to the armories of police departments that already look and act like military units. Police SWAT teams are now deployed tens of thousands of times each year, increasingly for routine jobs. Masked, heavily armed police officers in Louisiana raided a nightclub in 2006 as part of a liquor inspection. In Florida in 2010, officers in SWAT gear and with guns drawn carried out raids on barbershops that mostly led only to charges of “barbering without a license.”
America’s wars are coming home in a thousand different ways. This is one of the more deranged, in my opinion. Check out the excuses being offered for why these police departments need this equipment:
The Pentagon program does not push equipment onto local departments. The pace of transfers depends on how much unneeded equipment the military has, and how much the police request. Equipment that goes unclaimed typically is destroyed. So police chiefs say their choice is often easy: Ask for free equipment that would otherwise be scrapped, or look for money in their budgets to prepare for an unlikely scenario. Most people understand, police officers say.
"When you explain that you’re preparing for something that may never happen, they get it,” said Capt. Tiger Parsons of the Buchanan County Sheriff’s Office in northwest Missouri, which recently received a mine-resistant truck.
Because there are an awful lot of mines buried in the sands of Missouri. The logic here is quite amazing: we may as well get this stuff now, because it’s not like we’re going to have a major disaster anytime soon.
Oh, right. Except for when the major effects of unmitigated climate change start to take hold and major cities start clamping down on their populations of unwashed and poor who never had a chance of getting their governments to recognize their needs in good times let alone our spiraling, apocalyptic times. Then we’ll see how many land mine trucks are needed to secure the populace in your town.
"But your best friend is still your best friend. Even from half a world away. Distance can’t sever that connection. Best friends are the kind of people who can survive anything. And when best friends see each other again, after being separated by half a world and more miles than you think you can bear, you pick up right where you left off.After all, that’s what best friends do."- (via lostwiththewolves)